Updates from the Bench

NEW: Domestic Violence Practice Direction

  |   Events, Latest News, Updates from the Bench

The President of the Family Division, Sir James Munby, has issued a revised Family Procedure Rules Practice Direction 12J which will come into force on 2nd October 2017 and is to be applied in all courts considering an application for a Child Arrangements Order when domestic abuse is raised as an issue.


The revised PD12J contains a new, expanded definition of domestic abuse:


domestic abuse” includes any incident or pattern of incidents of controlling, coercive or threatening behaviour, violence or abuse between those aged 16 or over who are or have been intimate partners or family members regardless of gender or sexuality. This can encompass, but is not limited to, psychological, physical, sexual, financial, or emotional abuse. Domestic abuse also includes culturally specific forms of abuse including, but not limited to, forced marriage, honour-based violence, dowry-related abuse and transnational marriage abandonment;

abandonment” refers to the practice whereby a husband, in England and Wales, deliberately abandons or “strands” his foreign national wife abroad, usually without financial resources, in order to prevent her from asserting matrimonial and/or residence rights in England and Wales. It may involve children who are either abandoned with, or separated from, their mother;

coercive behaviour” means an act or a pattern of acts of assault, threats, humiliation and intimidation or other abuse that is used to harm, punish, or frighten the victim;

controlling behaviour” means an act or pattern of acts designed to make a person subordinate and/or dependent by isolating them from sources of support, exploiting their resources and capacities for personal gain, depriving them of the means needed for independence, resistance and escape and regulating their everyday behaviour;

development” means physical, intellectual, emotional, social or behavioural development;

harm” means ill-treatment or the impairment of health or development including, for example, impairment suffered from seeing or hearing the ill-treatment of another, by domestic abuse or otherwise;

health” means physical or mental health;

ill-treatment” includes sexual abuse and forms of ill-treatment which are not physical.


The President also issued an accompanying circular, explaining the reasons for the revisions and reiterating that it is essential that all levels of the judiciary comply with the Practice Direction at all times.


PD12J now requires certain matters to be recorded on the face of the order, or in an accompanying schedule.  This is to improve transparency in the decision-making process and to ensure that the Court is aware at every stage of the proceedings what the issues are.  This should hopefully allow for a more speedy resolution of those issues, and the importance of judicial continuity is again reinforced.  The matters to be recorded are the fact that any allegations of domestic abuse have been made; any admissions; any findings of the Court; and any reasons for making a Child Arrangements Order in the event that findings of domestic abuse have been made.


The Court must not make any interim Child Arrangements Orders without first having received the Cafcass safeguarding checks and, where domestic abuse is raised as an issue, must not make an order:

unless it is satisfied that it is in the interests of the child to do so and that the order would not expose the child or the other parent to an unmanageable risk of harm (bearing in mind the impact which domestic abuse against a parent can have on the emotional well-being of the child, the safety of the other parent and the need to protect against domestic abuse including controlling or coercive behaviour).


However, the presumption that the involvement of each parent in the child’s life is reiterated, with some caveat:

In proceedings relating to a child arrangements order, the court presumes that the involvement of a parent in a child’s life will further the child’s welfare, unless there is evidence to the contrary. The court must in every case consider carefully whether the statutory presumption applies, having particular regard to any allegation or admission of harm by domestic abuse to the child or parent or any evidence indicating such harm or risk of harm.


The Court must consider in every case whether a separate fact-finding hearing is necessary.  The same considerations apply to the need for a fact-finding hearing, including proportionality, as before.


The revised PD12J can be downloaded here and is also available in our INFORMATION CENTRE.

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17th View from the President’s Chambers

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Sir James Munby, President of the Family Division, can barely disguise his ire at what he clearly considers to be governmental “procrastination” in implementing changes to the current system of divorce and financial remedy litigation.  It is now widely agreed that we should move towards a system of “no fault” divorce and separate divorce from financial remedy proceedings.  Sir James also comments on the need to reform TOLATA in order to enable suitable cases to be dealt with by the Family Court.


The most recent View from the President’s Chambers can be downloaded here.

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Ex-parte orders: Guidance

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The President of the Family Division, Sir James Munby, has today issued guidance in respect of the appropriate course to adopt when considering ex-parte (without notice) non-molestation orders.


It appears that it has become established practice in some areas of making ex-parte orders of unlimited duration; this is not permitted.  It has also become practice to make ex-parte orders of up to 12 months duration almost as standard.  The length of the order must be justified on the facts of the case.


A return date must be set and this should be within 14 days.


Practitioners must bear in mind and apply the full guidance at all times, which can be downloaded here.

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DVPP – Cafcass best practice

  |   Education & Training, Latest News, Updates from the Bench

Cafcass have issued a letter to Designated Family Judges, published here, clarifying best practice when ordering a party in private law proceedings to attend a Domestic Violence Perpetrator Programme (DVPP).  A difficulty had been identified in that, when a final order is made, there is no mechanism for Cafcass to remain involved to monitor the progress of the programme.  Practitioners are now reminded to ensure that a clear order is made which allows for Cafcass ongoing involvement.

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Local Practice Guidance issued by HHJ Bellamy regarding the length of documents

  |   Education & Training, Latest News, Updates from the Bench

Please find attached a local Practice Guidance – length of documents, issued by His Honour Judge Bellamy on 22nd November 2016 to address the length of documents filed within public law proceedings.


Please note that this practice direction contains specific page limits for the length of certain court documents to be filed, as follows:


Social work statements: 25 pages
Parenting and other assessments: 25 pages
Social work chronologies: 4 pages
Threshold documents: 2 pages
Psychologist reports: 25 pages
Independent social work reports: 25 pages


The above page limits should be adhered to unless the court gives permission in a case management order, pending any amendments to the Bundles Practice Direction, Practice Direction 27A by the President.


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Allocation and Transfer Guidance

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The Family Division Liaison Judge for the Midlands, Keehan J, has distributed the guidance below in respect of cases in the Family Court being allocated to a Judge of High Court level.



A case should be allocated or re-allocated to a judge of High Court level where:


(a)    in accordance with the President’s Guidance on Allocation, the case merits being heard by a judge of High Court level;

(b)    there may be a need to invoke the inherent jurisdiction of the High Court; or

(c)    other guidance requires a case to be heard by a judge of High Court level (eg radicalisation cases).


The order should make clear whether the matter is allocated (a) a judge of High Court level (ie including a CJ or recorder sitting s.9) or (b) to a full judge of the Family Division or to a named judge of the Division.



A case may only be transferred from the Family Court to the High Court by either (a) the PFD, (b) an ordinary judge of the Court of Appeal or (c) a puisne judge (ie. a full High Court judge): FPR r.29.17(3)(a) & (4).


The only exception is that a CJ or recorder sitting s.9 may transfer a case to the High Court solely for the purposes of making a disclosure order under the inherent jurisdiction against a Government department: FPR r. 29.17(3)(b) & PD29C.


Accordingly, a decision to transfer a case in the Family Court  to the High Court, because the case ought to have been commenced there or because the court may need to make orders under the inherent jurisdiction, may only be made by the judges set out in r. 29.17(4).

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HHJ Bellamy Newsletter Sept 2016

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Local practitioners will be interested to read HHJ Bellamy’s most recent newsletter, downloadable here.  It includes information about the upcoming (ever-successful) annual conference, to be held on 28th October 2016, and a request for financial contributions to the running of this website.  If you or your organisation is able to make even a small contribution, please use the Contact Us page, we would be very grateful!

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HHJ Bellamy to move to pastures new

  |   Latest News, Updates from the Bench

Leicester and Leicestershire Designated Family Judge has today announced that he will be departing the Leicester Family Court on 30th November 2016 to take up a new post as DFJ of Derby on 1st December 2016.


HHJ Michael Handley will become DFJ for Leicester and Northampton.


LLFJB.com thanks HHJ Bellamy for his unending support before and since our inception; we are sure it will continue from afar.


The full announcement can be downloaded below.

Newsletter 23 – June 2016

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